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Education in Egypt
The educational system in Egypt is based on a university system. It is one of the largest in the world, and most international students come from Southeast Asia. However, students from other Arab countries and Sub-Saharan Africa are also very common. Most of the foreign students studying in Egypt are male. In 2016, there were 4,556 Malaysian students who attended public universities in Cairo and Alexandria. This represents about nine percent of all inbound students to the country.

The public education system in Egypt is broken. Most Egyptian children attend public schools and have a high level of schooling. The general population receives free government-funded education, while the civil servants attend government schools. The result is that Muslim and Christian students in Egypt have the same educational opportunities as the general population. Although the public education system in Egypt is largely egalitarian, it still focuses on "old-school" teaching methods, such as rote memorization.

Higher education in Egypt comprises non-university institutions. Some of these include private institutes, industrial and commercial training, and hotels. In 2012, the government reoriented the postsecondary education system to focus on technical training programs. The student subsidies contributed to an increase of 15 percent a year in enrollments at five-year technical institutes. The government is also encouraging external students to study in universities, which allow them to sit for exams and earn degrees.

In 2008, the Ministry of Education and the Ministries of Finance and Local Development held informal discussions about decentralization. Working groups were formed and developed formal proposals. This included a simple formula for fiscal transfers and recurrent expenditures. Furthermore, the design of the process was finished in 2008. Then, three governorates were chosen to pilot the decentralization process. Capacity building manuals and monitoring processes were agreed upon. In 2009, the reforms were implemented, and a further 20 percent of students were enrolled in higher education institutions.

While the Egyptian educational system has a good history of quality, there have been many factors that have affected the system's effectiveness. In the 1960s, the enrollment rate was lower than that of the 1970s, and in the eighties, boys outnumbered girls in almost all educational levels. In the 2018/19 academic year, only 7 percent of girls enrolled in primary school, compared with 95 percent of boys. In addition, the government has been influenced by other factors such as population growth.

There are two types of HEIs in Egypt: private universities and public universities. Public universities tend to have more students, but they are more expensive. As such, it is crucial to choose the best option for your child. Moreover, the quality of education in Egypt should be of high standard. Aside from the government-run institutions, there are also private and nonprofit education programs. These institutions include tutoring, private schools and other non-governmental organizations.

Despite the disparity between male and female students, the gender gap at the tertiary level has decreased. In 2005, only 40% of public university graduates were female. Today, this is only 56%. Women are less likely to attend private universities than men. The government is committed to improving the quality of education. It has a long way to go, but it has already taken a great step in the right direction. Its goal is to increase participation in educational institutions in the country.

The educational system in Egypt is broken. While the country's leaders have changed frequently, the educational system remains unchanged. The country's population growth has reduced the reach of the governmental education funding and other influences have stepped in. The private sector has expanded into the education field, with private tutoring and other privately funded programs running alongside the state-run systems. The lack of government-funded institutions has created a large gap in education.

The education system in Egypt is not perfect. Its teachers and curriculum are often rigid. Some schools use corporal punishment to motivate students. In addition, the infrastructure in many schools is poor. Approximately one in five school buildings are not fit for use. Water and sanitation facilities are also limited. Currently, more than half of all Egyptian children do not meet international benchmarks in terms of literacy. Most of the poorer neighborhoods do not have access to quality education.

Source : منهج الصف الثالث الابتدائي
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